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Avoiding Plagiarism  

Last Updated: Jun 3, 2015 URL: http://libguides.williamwoods.edu/plagiarism Print Guide RSS Updates
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What is Plagiarism?

According to the Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, the definition of plagiarize is "to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own without crediting the source." Many assume that plagiarism only refers to copying a written passage word for word. However, plagiarism may also include using others' ideas or thoughts in your own paper without citing them; or paraphrasing or summarizing other people's work without citing them.

You MUST cite everything besides your own original ideas and anything considered "common knowledge."

Citation Help

 

How to Avoid Plagiarizing

Direct Quote: Using an author's language word for word.

Ways to avoid plagiarism:

  • Use quotation marks around author's words
  • Use a signal or identifying phrase to tell who and what you are quoting (According to ...)
  • Add an in-text citation at the end of the passage
  • Include a citation in your Bibliography or Works Cited page.

Paraphrase: restating a source's ideas in your own words. Paraphrased material tends to be roughly the same length as the passage being paraphrased and does not use quotation marks. Paraphrasing is used for sentences or paragraphs, not complete works.

Ways to avoid plagiarism:

  • Use a signal phrase to tell who and what you are paraphrasing.
  • Use the same ideas as in the original text.
  • Use your OWN WORDS when paraphrasing. Avoid using any of the same wording as the author unless you put a key term in quotation marks.
  • Add a citation in-text at the end of the paraphrase as well as in your Bibliography or Works Cited.

 

Summarize: Condensing an author's ideas into a more succinct statement. Summarizing is used to identify the main points of an ENTIRE work.

Ways to avoid plagiarism:

  • Use a signal phrase to tell who or what you are summarizing.
  • Use a quick description of the main points of the passage.
  • Use your OWN WORDS and phrasing.
  • Add an in-text citation at the end of the summary.
  • Include a citation in your Bibliography or Works Cited.

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